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SAFEWAY's objectives will address and strengthen the four criteria for a resilient infrastructure: robustness, resourcefulness, rapid recovery and redundancy. SAFEWAY contributions to the four resilience components have been estimated as:


  • To reduce infrastructure collapse direct and indirect costs from current €29 billion/year to €26 billion/year, by adopting measures that improve the adaptation to climate change of the most vulnerable terrestrial transport ​infrastructures[1].
  • To achieve  15% savings in maintenance costs, by improving the structural health monitoring (specially ageing assets) and thus, propose retrofitting renewal of elements to reduce the current estimated expenditure in Europe (at least €191B) [2]
  • To minimise 30% budget deviation in performance within 10 years from project mid-term, thanks to proper R&D in ageing infrastructure assets[3]. Objectives 3, 5 and 7 key to reach these goals.​


  • To collect real time data from passengers, targeting more than 5000 billion passenger-kilometres of European inland transport users thanks to human sensing and car connectivity techniques[4].
  • To decrease 50% action time-response in case of emergency as a result of accurate prediction and human sensing gathered data[5].
  • To assess risk tolerance using risk analysis with both technical and psychological risk dimensions, minimising bias reactions in socially undesirable ways, by evaluating the relevance of the psychometric paradigm.

Rapid Recovery:

  • To reduce 25-35% repair or restoration time after a hazard occurs in order to restore damaged infrastructure, where the costs linked to infrastructure assets are most important[6].​


  • To increase 20-30% of mobility effectiveness of users in case of congestion or failures of main route through backup alternatives by enabling instant route optimisation, thanks to user access to real-time information of transport infrastructure conditions.​

[1]Nemry, F., Demirel, H. (2012) Impacts of Climate Change on Transport: A focus on road and rail transport infrastructures.  

[2] Tsamboulas, D., Estimating and benchmarking transport infrastructure costs, IN: UNECE Workshop on "Good practices and new tools for financing transport infrastructure" 2nd Session Benchmarking of Transport Infrastructure Construction Costs, 2014

[3] Alain Zarli. Proceedings of 6th Transport Research Arena, April 18-21, 2016, Warsaw, Poland. REFINET: Rethinking Future Infrastructure NETworks Transportation Research Procedia 14 (2016) 448– 456

[4]Statistical pocketbook (2016) EU transport in figures.

[5] ERTRAC. (2011) European Roadmap.Climate Resilient Road Transport.

[6]WEATHER project resultsin Nemry, F. Demirel, H. (2012). Impacts of Climate Change: A focus on road and rail transport infrastructures. DOI 10.2791/15504.Luxembourg.Publications Office of the European Union.


Dr. Belén Riveiro
University of Vigo
School of Industrial Engineering, Universidade de Vigo
CP36310, Vigo, Spain
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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement
No 769255. This website reflects only the views of the author(s). Neither the Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) nor the
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